Optimizing a map with an local anisotropy correction using local_aniso_sharpen



The routine local_aniso_sharpen is a tool for optimizing a map by applying a local, anisotropic, resolution-dependent scaling factor.

How local_aniso_sharpen works:

Local anisotropic sharpening can be carried out locally, as the name suggests, or on a map as a whole.

The basis for sharpening is an analysis of the resolution-dependent fall-off of amplitudes of Fourier coefficients for the map, along with an analysis of the resolution-dependent fall-off of correlation between two half-maps, or between a map and a model-based map.

When carried out locally, a full map is divided into small boxes. The density near the edges of each box is masked so that it gradually diminishes to zero at the edges. Each small box is treated as a full map to identify its optimal sharpening. Then the optimal sharpening parameters from the small boxes are applied to the full map in a way that has no edge effects and smoothly varies from one place to another in the map.

To identify the optimal anisotropic sharpening of a map based on the information in two half-maps, two analyses are done. The first is an analysis of the resolution-dependent fall-off of rms amplitudes of Fourier coefficients representing the map. This is examined as a function of direction in reciprocal space, and is similar to the calculation normally done to apply an anisotropy correction to a map. This analysis shows the anisotropy of the map itself.

The second is an analysis of the correlation between Fourier coefficients for the two half-maps. This is also done as a function of resolution and direction in reciprocal space. This analysis shows the anisotropy of the errors in the map.

For purposes of this analysis, the optimal map is the one that has the maximal expected correlation to an idealized version of the true map. This idealized map is a map that would be obtained from a model where all the atoms are point atoms (B values of about zero).

For a map with zero error (all correlations at all resolutions and directions equal to 1), the optimal map will be one that has no anisotropy and the same resolution dependence as the idealized map. For such a map, first the anisotropy in the map is removed, then an overall resolution-dependence matching that of the idealized map is imposed by simple multiplication with a resolution_dependent scale factor.

For a map with errors, the map coefficients obtained from the previous step are modified by a local scale factor that reflects the expected signal-to-noise in that map coefficient. The scale factor for a particular map coefficient is given by 1/(1 + E**2), where E is the normalized expected error in that map coefficient. This scale factor will ordinarily be anisotropic and resolution-dependent.


You can use local_aniso_sharpen with either two half-maps or a map and a model.

Standard run of local_aniso_sharpen with two half-maps:

To run local_aniso_sharpen with two half maps, you can say:

phenix.local_aniso_sharpen half_map_A.mrc half_map_B.mrc

If you wish, you can specify a nominal resolution.

To run local_aniso_sharpen with a map and model, you can say:

phenix.local_aniso_sharpen map.mrc model.pdb resolution=3

The resolution is again optional.

You can specify whether anisotropy or local sharpening are to be applied:


Possible Problems

If the half-maps are not actually independent the procedure will not work well

If the model is very poor the procedure will not work well

For model-based sharpening, if local sharpening is used, the sharpening is only applied in the region of the model

Specific limitations and problems:


Additional information

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